Epigenetics is the idea of an evolution to a higher level, in which that which is inherited is related to those
traits that one probably thinks cannot be inherited, those traits which are acquired, in other words, those
changes that do not occur by changes in the genes. The term was coined by the geneticist Conrad H. Waddington.
This scientist made some important studies relating to matters that are explained by the theory of evolution.
Matthew Ridley meanwhile, has proposed that our success as a species is due to our collective intelligence,
which idea he has stated in his book "The Origins of Virtue" (1997).
According to Edward O. Wilson, there are epigenetic rules that determine how animals perceive the world. In the
case of humans in relation to art, he says: "They cause us to evaluate the aesthetics of artistic design
according to elementary abstract shapes and the degrees of complexity. They lead us to differentially acquire
fears and phobias, to communicate with certain facial expressions, forms, and body language. Most of the
epigenetic rules are evidently ancient, dating back millions of years ".
So science agrees that evolution occurs in two different ways, one in the more primitive species, through the
mutation of genes and its biological reaction to its environment, which requires thousands of years of trial and error;
and the second occurs in the derived species that develop learning skills, which are transmitted through language
and instructions from parents to children and through individual daily experiences.